Draft targets

Refreshed draft targets

On 12 December 2018, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) issued a draft framework for Closing the Gap as a basis for further discussion with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders communities, including draft targets, accountabilities and reporting requirements that will be finalised through the formal partnership between the Commonwealth, state and territory governments and Indigenous Australians through their representatives.

Target framework
Priority areas
Families, children and youth Health Education Economic Development Housing Justice, including youth justice Land and waters
Desired outcomes

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children thrive in their early years.

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families and households are safe.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people enjoy long and healthy lives.

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are born healthy and strong.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students succeed at school.

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students stay in school.

 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students reach their full potential through further education pathways.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth are engaged in employment or education.

 

Strong Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander workforce participation.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people secure appropriate, affordable housing as a pathway to better lives. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are not overrepresented in the criminal justice system. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ land, water and cultural rights are realised.
Draft COAG targets

Increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children assessed as developmentally on track in all five domains of the Australian Early Development Census to 45% by 2028.

 

95% of all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander four-year-olds enrolled in early childhood education by 2025.

 

Significant and sustained progress to eliminate the over-representation of Aboriginal children in out-of-home care.

A significant and sustained reduction in violence against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children.

Close the gap in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous Australians within a generation, by 2031.

 

By 2028, 90-92% of babies born to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers have a healthy birthweight.

Increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in the top two bands of NAPLAN reading and numeracy for years 3, 5, 7 and 9 by an average of 6 percentage points by 2028.

 

Decrease the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students in the bottom two bands of NAPLAN reading and numeracy for years 3, 5, 7 and 9 by an average of 6 percentage points by 2028.

 

Halve the gap in attainment of Year 12 or equivalent qualifications between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non Indigenous 20-24 year-olds by 2020.

 

47% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples (aged 20-64 years) have completed Certificate III or above, including higher education, by 2028.

65% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth (15-24 years) are in employment, education or training by 2028.

 

60% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 25-64 years are employed by 2028.

Increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population living in appropriately sized (not overcrowded) housing to 82% by 2028. Reduce the rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people in detention by 11-19% and adults held in incarceration by at least 5% by 2028. A Land and Waters target will be developed by mid-2019 by all jurisdictions to support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ access, management and ownership of land of which they have a traditional association, or which can assist with their social, cultural and economic development.

Cross-system priorities

The draft Statement issued by COAG addresses racism, discrimination and social inclusion, healing and trauma, and the promotion of culture and language for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as cross system priorities requiring action and responses across all target areas.

The targets and potential cross system priorities will be finalised through the formal partnership between the Commonwealth, state and territory governments and Indigenous Australians through their representatives.

Through the development of draft targets in the technical workshops and consultations it became apparent that some priority areas have wide reaching impacts on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. These priority areas include culture, racism and discrimination, trauma and healing, disability and social inclusion. While there was universal agreement on the importance of these issues and acknowledgement that they influence outcomes in all other target areas, there were differing views on whether setting a target for such priorities was appropriate and also what such a target might be.

All Australian governments recognise the need to address intergenerational change, racism, discrimination and social inclusion (including in relation to disability, gender and LGBTIQ+), healing and trauma, and the promotion of culture and language for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.